Scientists have discovered a previously unknown monkey species in the mountains of India. Christened the Arunachal monkey after the region in which it was found, it is the first new species of macaque identified since 1903.
Researchers from the Wildlife Conservation Society and the Nature Conservation Foundation spotted and photographed the monkeys, known as Macaca munzala (“deep-forest monkey” in the language of the local people), on a series of expeditions. This new species comes from a biologically rich area that is perhaps India’s last unknown frontier. The discovery of a new species of monkey is quite rare, but it is also remarkable that with over a billion people and retreating wildlands, a new large mammal species would never be found in India, until now.
The creatures are relatively large, but have shorter tails than other primates of their size. In addition, living between 1,600 and 3,500 meters above sea level makes them one of the highest-altitude primates in the world.